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Old 02-24-2011, 02:01 PM   #1
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Default More SO (aka Navy SEAL) rating info stuff...

Special Warfare Operator (SO) aka Navy SEAL

Special Warfare Operators are Navy SEALs. They are trained to jump from airplanes at high altitudes and open their parachutes at low proximity to the earth into frigid waters. They jump from helicopters travelling 30 knots at 30 feet over the water with no parachute. In addition Special Warfare Operators oversee ocean-borne mine disposal, carry out direct action raids against military targets, conduct reconnaissance, and secure beachheads for invading amphibious forces.

SEAL (SO) candidates begin BUD/S training at the Naval Special
Warfare Center, NAB Coronado, California. This six-month course of
instruction focuses on physical conditioning, small boat handling,
diving physics, basic diving techniques, land warfare, weapons,
demolitions, communications, and reconnaissance. SEAL training is
very rigorous, one of the toughest training programs for special
operations in the world. The drop out rate for SEAL classes is
regularly 80 percent. The average Navy SEAL spends over a year in a
series of formal training environments before being awarded the
Special Warfare Operator Naval Rating and the Navy Enlisted
Classification (NEC) 5326.

All Navy SEALs must attend and graduate from their rating's 24 week
"A" School known as Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL school, a
basic parachutist course and then the 18 week SEAL Qualification
Training program.

First Phase trains, develops, and assesses SEAL candidates in
physical conditioning, water competency, teamwork, and mental
tenacity. "Hell Week." During this week, you will participate in
five and one-half days of continuous training, with a maximum of
four hours sleep total. This week is designed as the ultimate test
of one's physical and mental motivation while in First Phase. Hell
Week proves to those who make it that the human body can do ten
times the amount of work the average man thinks possible. During
Hell Week, you will learn the value of cool headedness,
perseverance, and above all, TEAMWORK.

Second (Diving) Phase trains, develops, and qualifies SEAL candidates
as competent basic combat swimmers. During this period,
physical training continues and becomes even more intensive.
Emphasis is placed on long distance underwater dives with the goal
of training students to become basic combat divers, using swimming
and diving techniques as a means of transportation from their
launch point to their combat objective. This is a skill that
separates SEALs from all other Special Operations forces. Third
Phase trains, develops, and qualifies SEAL candidates in basic
weapons, demolition, and small unit tactics.

Third Phase concentrates on teaching land navigation, small-unit tactics,
patrolling techniques, abseiling, marksmanship, and military explosives.
The final three and a half weeks of Third Phase are spent at NALF San
Clemente Island,[13] where students apply all the techniques they have
acquired during training. Static Line and Freefall Parachute training is now
done in the Coronado Area.

SQT Training: The BUD/S graduates attend a sequential course consisting
of: SERE, Tactical Air Operations (Static Line/Freefall), Tactical Combat
Medicine, Communications, Advanced Special Operations, Cold
Weather/Mountaineering, Maritime Operations, Combat Swimmer,
Tactical Ground Mobility, Land Warfare (small unit tactics, light and
heavy weapons, demolitions), armed (CQD) and unarmed combatives
(MMA/USA/USMC style), Close Combat Weapons and Assaults/Close
Quarters Combat. The emphasis in SQT is in building and developing
an individual operator (NCO and Officer) capable of joining a NSW Troop
with minimal deviation in operational capability. The students are broken
into 20 man Platoons with two 10-man squads. Each Platoon is assigned
a PLT Mentor/Chief to evaluate their performance throughout the

BUD/S Training Timeline
• Indoctrination (3 weeks)
• Basic Conditioning (7 weeks)
• Diving (8 weeks)
• Land Warfare (9 weeks)
• Basic Parachute Training (3 weeks)
• Receive Naval Special Warfare Classification - (NEC) Code

SOs are responsible for the training, preparation, and execution of
special operations in maritime, urban, desert, jungle, arctic, and
mountain environments. SEALS are experts in:

• Special operations tactics;
• Missions;
• Mission planning;
• Cultural awareness;
• Small-unit leadership;
• Operational risk management;
• Tactical, operational, and strategic thinking;
• Tactical communications;
• Tactical air control/terminal guidance;
• Combat diving and SEAL Delivery Vehicle operations;
• Paradrop operations;
• Small boat operations;
• Tactical ground mobility;
• Small arms and crew-served weapons;
• Fast roping and rappelling;
• Demolitions/explosive breaching;
• Trauma care;
• Intelligence gathering and interpretation;
• Transportation and logistics; and
• Chemical/biological/radiological/nuclear defense measures.

The SO rate is sea-duty intensive. Exhibit 1 and reference (a)
provide comprehensive description and information about a career in
the SO rating.

Rating Designation

a. Upon completion of SO “A” School Training Pipeline which
consists of:

• SO Preparatory, CIN K-431-0350 CDP 04WF;
• SO BUD/s Orientation, CIN K-431-0037 CDP 173K;
• SO BUD/s, CIN K-431-0024 CDP 169K;
• SO SEAL Qualification Training (SQT), CIN K-431-0059, CDP 754F;
• Cold WX, CIN K-431-0098 CDP 659S;
• Navy Parachute, Static Line, CIN A-431-0135 CDP 757K;
• Navy Parachute, Free Fall, CIN A-431-0136 CDP 757M; and
• SERE CIN K-431-0400 CDP 06YB

Enlisted personnel are awarded Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC)
5326 and designated as SO SEAL upon completion of SEAL
Qualification Training (SQT). Recruit and fleet conversions are
authorized accelerated advancement to E-4 (SO3) upon the completion
of SO “A” School.

Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) Codes. Enlisted SO personnel are
designated by NEC codes per their qualifications. Reference (b)
further describes each of the NEC codes:

NEC Designation
5320 Basic Special Warfare Operator (student)
5323 SDV Pilot/Navigator/DDS Operator (SEAL)
5326 Special Warfare Operator (SEAL)
5392 Naval Special Warfare Medic

By law, only men are eligible to apply for the SEAL program. Upon
joining the Navy, you must:
• Meet specific eyesight requirements: 20/40 best eye; 20/70 worst
eye; correctable to 20/25 with no color blindness
• Meet the minimum Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
(ASVAB) score: GS+MC+EI=165 or VE+MK+MC+CS=220
• Be 28 years old or younger
• Be a U.S. citizen
• Pass a physical examination required for divers
You must also complete the Physical Screening Test

Event Allowable Time Minimum Repetitions/Time Competitive
Repetitions/Time Rest Period
500-yard swim using breast and/or sidestroke 12:30 Minutes 12:30
Minutes 10:00 Minutes 10 Minutes
Push-ups 2:00 Minutes 42 79 2 Minutes
Sit-ups 2:00 Minutes 50 79 2 Minutes
Pull-ups No time limit 6 (dead hang) 11 (dead hang) 10 Minutes
1 miles Run wearing boots and trousers 11:30 Minutes/Seconds N/A
10:20 Minutes/Seconds N/A

Sea/Shore Rotation for This Rating
  • First Sea Tour: 60 months
  • First Shore Tour: 36 months
  • Second Sea Tour: 60 months
  • Second Shore Tour: 36 months
  • Third Sea Tour: 48 months
  • Third Shore Tour: 36 months
  • Fourth Sea Tour: 48 months
  • Forth Shore Tour: 48 months
Note: Sea tours and shore tours for sailors that have completed four sea
tours will be 36 months at sea followed by 36 months ashore until retirement.

Note: The Naval Special Warfare community is a sea-intensive community.
Due to the unique nature of the special warfare mission, sailors in the elite
communities of Navy Special Warfare Operator (SO) and Naval Special
Warfare Boat Operator (SB) should expect to serve back-to-back sea tours
prior to assignment ashore. Sailors in these communities can expect their
initial back-to-back sea tours to be within the same geographic location,
contingent upon the needs of the Navy and NSW.

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